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Regulations

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Alberta

Nova Scotia

British Columbia

Ontario

New Brunswick

Prince Edward Island

Manitoba

Quebec

Newfoundland

Saskatchewan

North West Territories

Yukon

 

Newfoundland

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UNREGULATED CHILD CARE

Maximum number of children permitted   4

Figure includes the caregiver’s own children under 7 years.

REGULATED CHILD CARE

Day care centres Centre-based care for no more than 13 hours/day (usual hours: 7:30 a.m. – 5:30 p.m.; extended hours: 6:30 a.m. – 8:15 p.m.) for five or more children from 2-12 years; may be full- or part-day. Overnight care not permitted.

School-age child care centres Centre-based care outside school hours for school-aged children up to 12 years.

At the time of data collection, Newfoundland did not offer regulated child care for infants

  


Prince Edward Island

UNREGULATED CHILD CARE

Maximum number of children permitted  

5

If all children are under 2 years, three are allowed; five preschoolers if not more than two of them are younger than 2 years; six in a mixed-age group up to 10 years with no more than two younger than 2 years. Figures include the caregiver’s own preschool-age children.

REGULATED CHILDCARE

Early childhood centres  Group care for less than 24 hours/day for children from birth to 7 years including half-day kindergartens for children 5 years and half-day nursery schools for children 2-5 years.

School-age child care centres Care outside school hours for school-age children (usually 6-12 years).

Family day care homes  Full-day care in a private home for mixed-age groups up to a maximum of seven children, including the caregiver’s own children under 12 with a maximum of three children under 2 years.

Occasional centres  Care on a flexible basis for children between birth and 10 years.

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Nova Scotia

UNREGULATED CHILD CARE

Maximum number of children permitted

 6

Six children who may be of mixed-age groups including the caregiver’s own preschool children. If all children are school-age, including the caregiver’s own, eight children are permitted.

REGULATED CHILDCARE

Childcare centres  Care in a group setting for less than 24 hours/day for seven or more children from 0-12 years. This includes: full-day child care centres, preschools, nursery schools, parent co-operatives, child development centres (half-day program, 2 to 3 days/week) and programs for school-age children.

Family daycare homes Care in a private home for up to six children of mixed ages, including the provider’s own children, or eight school-age children, including the provider’s own school-age children.

http://www.gov.ns.ca/just/regulations/regs/dayregs.htm#TOC1_4

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New Brunswick

UNREGULATED CHILDCARE

Maximum number of children of mixed ages, 0-12 permitted

5

Maximum if all are 2-4 years

4

Maximum if all are school-age

8

No more than two infants are allowed. Figure includes the caregiver’s own children under 12 years. Nursery schools are only licensed upon request or complaint.

REGULATED CHILDCARE

Daycare centres  Part-time or full-time care for less than 24 hours/day for four or more infants; six or more preschoolers; 10 or more children 6-12 years; or seven or more children from birth to 12 years.

School-age child care centres  Centre-based care outside school hours for school-age children up to 12 years.

Community daycare homes  Care in a private home for no more than three children under 2 years, or five children aged 2-5 years, or nine children aged 6 years and over, or six children of a combination of ages from birth to 12 years, including the caregiver’s own children under 12 years.

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Quebec

UNREGULATED CHILDCARE

Maximum number of children permitted

 6

Figure includes the caregiver’s own children.

jardins d’enfant (nursery schools)   Programs for a minimum of seven children 2-5 years on a regular basis for up to 4 hours/day.haltes-garderies (stop-over centres)   Programs for a minimum of seven children on a casual, drop-in basis for up to 24 consecutive hours.

REGULATED CHILDCARE

Centre de la petite enfance (early childhood agency)   Offers centre-based care through one or more centres and family child care. An agency can have up to 350 children; up to 240 with 80 in each individual facility; and up to 250 in family child care component.

  • en installation (centre-based care)   Group centres or ‘facilities’ for less than 24 hours a day for 7 to 80 children from birth to end of primary school that are part of a centre de la petite enfance.
  • milieu familial (family day care)   Care for up to six children, including the provider’s own, from birth to the end of primary school in a private home supervised by an early childhood agency. If there is another adult, there may be up to nine children.

garderie (child care centre)   Group care/less than 24 hours a day/up to 60 children /birth to the end of primary school that is a commercial operation or operated by a community group that has not yet become part of a centre de la petite enfance.

milieu scolaire (school-age child care)   Programs provided by a school board for children attending kindergarten or elementary grades. Under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education.

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Ontario

UNREGULATED CHILDCARE

Maximum number of children permitted

 5

Figure does not include the caregiver’s own children.

up to 5 children under 10 years of age in addition to his/her own children at any given time in his/her own home.

http://www.ascy.ca/care-support_indi-care.htm

Child care resource centres (also known as family resource programs)   Resource centres provide support services to parents and regulated and unregulated caregivers in their caregiving role. The range of services can include: drop-in programs, resource lending libraries, playgroups, training opportunities, and educational workshops.

REGULATED CHILD CARE

Day nurseries (child care centres, nursery schools)    Group care for less than 24 hours/day for five or more unrelated children under 12 years and under 18 years for children with a developmental handicap.

Supervised private home day care (home child care)    Care for up to five children from 0-12 years in a private home that is supervised by a licensed agency. Not more than two children may be under 2 years, and not more than three children may be under 3 years, including the caregiver’s children under 6 years.

 http://www.cfc-efc.ca/aeceo/

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Manitoba

UNREGULATED CHILDCARE

Maximum number of children permitted 4

No more than two children may be under 2 years. Figure includes the caregiver’s own children under 12 years.

REGULATED CHILDCARE

Daycare centres    Full-day centre-based services for at least five children under 6 years, or no more than three children under 2 years, for more than 4 continuous hours/day, 3 or more days/week.

Nursery schools    Part-time programs for more than three infants or more than five preschoolers, no more than three are infants, 4 or less hours/day, less than 3 days/week.

School-age child care centres   Services outside school hours for more than eight children 6-12 years and may include children attending kindergarten. Services may be exempt from licensing by Child Day Care.

Family day care homes    Care in a private home for a maximum of eight children under 12 years (including the providers’ own children under 12 years). Not more than five children may be under 6 years, and not more than three children may be under 2 years.

Group family day care homes    Care in a private home by two caregivers for a maximum of 12 children (including the providers’ own children under 12 years). Not more than three of the children may be under 2 years.

Occasional day care centres    Care on a casual basis for more than three infants, or more than five preschoolers of whom not more than three are infants, or more than eight children of whom not more than five are preschoolers and not more than three are infants.

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Saskatchewan

UNREGULATED CHILDCARE

Maximum number of children permitted 8

Figure includes the caregiver’s own children under 13 years. Of the eight, five may be younger than 6 years; of these five, only two may be younger than 30 months.

REGULATED CHILDCARE

Child daycare centres   Child day care centres provide care to children in group settings. Centres must have a license  from the Child Day Care Division and may care for up to 90 children from 6 weeks to and including 12 years. Child day care centres include non-profit services (day care centres) which are governed by a parent board of directors and for-profit services (child care centres) which have parent advisory committees.

Part-time community-driven preschools and play-groups that operate less than 3 hours per day are not licensed.

School-age childcare    School-age child care is care outside of school hours for children up to and including 12 years of age in a mixed-age centre, family child care home or in a program solely for school-age children.

Family childcare homes    Family child care homes are operated by individuals in their principal place of residence. Whether licensed or not, a person providing services may care for up to eight children depending on the children’s ages (five children younger than 6 years, of these five, only two may be younger than 30 months).

http://www.qp.gov.sk.ca/documents/English/Statutes/Statutes/C7-3.pdf

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Alberta

UNREGULATED CHILDCARE

Maximum number of children permitted  6
A maximum of three children may be under the age of 2 years. Figure includes the caregiver’s own children under 12 years.

Out-of-school childcare programs    Programs for children 6-12 years outside school hours. Out-of-school care is not regulated by the province but must conform to the Social Care Facilities Licensing Act which requires compliance with building, fire and zoning bylaws, as well as assurance that the care is “appropriate”. Five municipalities have set regulations for school-age care and receive umbrella funding which they may use for school-age subsidies. In other locations, there is no subsidy available and regional staff work with centres to ensure that care is adequate.

REGULATED CHILDCARE

Daycare centres    Seven or more children under 7 years, who are not yet in grade 1 in a group setting for more than 3 but less than 24 hours/day.

Nursery schools   Part-time programs (maximum 3 hours/day) for seven or more children 3-6 years. These include parent-cooperative nursery school programs as well as kindergartens not under the jurisdiction of the Department of Education.

Approved family day homes   Care in a private home for up to six children under 12 years with a maximum of three children under 3 years, with no more than two children under 2 years (including the provider’s own children under 12 years). Providers are under contract with a for-profit or non-profit family day home agency which can operate independently or as part of a day care centre. The agencies are not licensed but are contracted by the provincial government to administer and monitor approved family day care homes.

Licensed drop-in centres   Programs for children under 7 years which are permitted to operate with lower staff/child ratios than are day care centres. No child may attend for more than 40 hours/month.

http://humanservices.alberta.ca/family-community/child-care-providers-licensing.html

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British Columbia

UNREGULATED CHILDCARE

Maximum number of children permitted  2

Children related to the caregiver are not included in this definition. This category is often referred to as “license not required” or LNR.

REGULATED CHILDCARE

Group day care centres    Group care for no more than 13 hours/day up to 5 days/week for children 30 months to 5 years of age.

Preschools (formerly licensed as nursery schools)    Group care for no more than 4 hours/day for no more than 20 children 30 months to 6 years of age.

Out-of-school care    Care outside school hours, including school vacations, for children 5-12 years of age for not more than 13 hours/day. Out-of-school care may be provided in family child care homes or group day care centres.

Family child care    Care in a private home for no more than seven children. Of these there can be no more than five preschool age children, three children under 3 years of age and one child under 1 year of age. Children 12 years or older who are related to the caregiver are not included in this definition.

Emergency care    Care for no more than 72 hours/month. Groups may be no larger than 12 for children under 3 years and no larger than 25 for older children.

Child minding    Care for up to 3 hours/day, no more than 2 days/week for children 18 months to 12 years. Maximum of 16 children where any child is under 3 years and a maximum of 20 children if all are 3 years or older.

Ski hill or resort care    Occasional child care is provided in resort locations to children who are at least 18 months and under 6 years old, for no more than 40 hours/month, and no more than 8 hours/day.

The Medical Health Officer may authorize a license to extend the maximum number of hours of care as long as there is no health or safety risk to children.

OTHER

Thirty-four Child Care Resource and Referral Programs provide information, support, and training to child care providers with an emphasis on family day care. They may include equipment and toy lending, workshops, networking, home visits, and caregiver registries.

http://www.health.gov.bc.ca/ccf/child_care.html

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Yukon

UNREGULATED CHILD CARE

Maximum number of children permitted 3
Figure excludes the caregiver’s own children.

REGULATED CHILD CARE

Child care centres    Group care for less than 24 hours a day for four or more children 0-12 years in a place other than a preschool, a school-age program, or a family day home.

Preschool programs    Group programs for children 3-6 years for less than 3 consecutive hours.

School-age child care    Care outside school hours for school-aged children up to 12 years.

Family day homes    Care in a private home for mixed-age groups up to a maximum of eight children in groups with: no more than four infants; or no more than six preschool-age children where not more than three are infants; or no more than eight preschool children (including the providers’ own children under 6 years). Additional staff are required in family day homes for up to four school-age children in addition to the number of preschool-age children

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North West Territories

UNREGULATED CHILDCARE

Maximum number of children permitted 4

Figure includes the caregiver’s own children up to 12 years.

REGULATED CHILDCARE

Daycare centres    Group care, instruction and supervision for five or more children aged 0-12 years by a person who is not a relative of the majority of the children.

Nursery schools    Programs for children less than 6 years of age for 4 consecutive hours or less a day.

After-school care    Care outside school hours for school-aged children up to and including 11 years of age, not exceeding 5 hours outside the required school program.

There are no licensed after-school care programs that operate during the summer months.

Family day homes    Care in a private home for up to eight children under 12 years (including the caregiver’s own children).

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